Vitamins For Prostate Health

// Published November 6, 2019 by James Washington

An increase in the prostate with age to one degree or another expects most men. Another thing is when this pathology gets out of control and causes inconvenience to a man.

The main signs of an enlarged prostate are:

    • difficulty urinating;
    • weak stream;
    • incomplete emptying of the bladder after urination;
    • urinary incontinence.
Such complications are fraught with some consequences: incomplete emptying of the bladder provokes the development of genitourinary infections.

Symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate can go unnoticed for a long time, so every man after forty years of age requires prophylactic diagnosis of the prostate gland, including ultrasound examination of the prostate and analysis of the level of PSA (prostate-specific antigen). This is important because with this diagnosis, prostate cancer can be detected at an early stage – the most common malignant neoplasm in men.

Can nutrition help in the prevention and treatment of prostate pathologies? Undoubtedly. However, the issue of nutrition is not limited to the consumption of vitamins and minerals that are significant for the prostate – in matters of nutrition, you should completely reconsider your diet and shift it to healthier foods.

Vitamin A

Inadequate intake of vitamin A increases the risk of developing prostate cancer. Vitamin A is actively accumulated (deposited) in the liver, which makes it possible to build up a reserve of this vitamin, but at the same time limits its long-term immoderate consumption, since its excess has a toxic effect on the body.

The daily requirement for vitamin A for men is 1 mg.

Food sources. Vitamin A in foods is represented by retinoids and carotenoids. Retinoids are true vitamin A (retinol), while carotenoids are precursors of vitamin (provitamins), which are converted into a full-fledged vitamin in the body; The most active of the carotenoids is beta-carotene. Retinoids are found in products of animal origin, carotenes – in plant.

Vitamin A Content in Foods:
(estimated availability in 100 g)

The assimilation of carotenes depends on the type of product and its cooking. So, from greens, carotene is better absorbed than from carrots. Grinding promotes better digestibility of beta-carotene from carrots – 5% of carotene is absorbed by grinding on a coarse grater, 20% – by grinding on a fine grater, and when sour cream or vegetable oil is added to carrots, 50% beta-carotene.

B vitamins

They represent a group of water-soluble vitamins that do not have the ability to stock up on the body. A lack of some of them (thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B 6 ) may contribute to prostate cancer. The anticarcinogenic effect of vitamin B 2 and B 6 was revealed.

Daily requirement and food sources.

Vitamin B 1 (thiamine) 1.5 mg Legumes, nuts, cereals, liver, meat
Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin) 2.0 mg Eggs, meat, fish, nuts, mushrooms, broccoli, spinach
Vitamin B 6 (pyridoxine) 1.5 mg Nuts, legumes, liver, meat (chicken, beef, pork, veal), fish (tuna, salmon), avocado

The need for an increased daily dosage of B vitamins arises from smoking, alcohol abuse, an increased protein diet, increased physical and mental stress, and painful conditions.

Vitamin E

Tocopherol is a powerful immunomodulator and one of the main antioxidants. Due to its functions, along with other antioxidants, it has an anti-cancer effect. Vitamin E (together with ascorbate) activates an enzymatic antioxidant defense, since it includes selenium in the active center of glutathione peroxidase.

The daily requirement of vitamin E for men is 10 mg.

The need for vitamin may occur with a high content of vegetable oils in the diet. They are a rich source of tocopherols.

In order to increase the antioxidant effect of tocopherol, its intake should be combined with vitamin C.

Food sources. Vegetable oils are rich in tocopherol, however, the manufacturing processes for the manufacture of oils (heating, refining, deodorization, refining) significantly reduce the content of tocopherol in them. Preference should be given to fresh oils obtained by cold pressing.

The best sources of vitamin E are nuts, seeds, buckwheat, butter, egg yolk, meat, and sprouted wheat sprouts.

Vitamin E in foods:
(estimated availability in 100 g)


Selenium, along with antioxidant vitamins (beta-carotene, C, E) has an anti-cancer effect. According to some reports, taking 200 μg of selenium per day (a dose corresponding to a double daily norm) reduces the risk of prostate tumors by 63% and reduces the overall mortality from cancer by 39%.

All the effects of selenium in the body are manifested only in the presence of vitamin E. Vitamin C, in turn, is responsible for the metabolism of the trace element. Therefore, the intake of selenium must be combined with the intake of these vitamins.

The daily need for selenium for men is 100 mcg.

Food sources. The champion in the content of selenium is Brazil nut, 100 g of which contains 1917 (± 230) mcg. It turns out that 1-3 nuts a day is enough to satisfy the daily need for this trace element. Other foods containing selenium: seafood, liver, kidney, egg, meat.

The content of selenium in food:
(estimated availability in 100 g)

Carbohydrates (sweet and flour products) interfere with the absorption of selenium, and processing products, such as canning, reduces the content of selenium by 2 times.


A number of studies have shown that zinc helps to reduce the size of the prostate and helps alleviate the symptoms associated with its enlargement. Animal experiments have shown that the introduction of zinc in the form of injections prevents their development of prostate cancer by 80%. There are also positive data on the treatment of prostatitis with additional zinc intake in men.

The role of zinc in the male body is multifaceted and includes maintaining the activity of the prostate, the synthesis of sex hormones (in particular testosterone) and sperm, improving the metabolism of vitamin E and eliminating alcohol.

Read more about the role of zinc in the male body.

The daily zinc requirement for men is 15 mg.

Zinc demand may increase with a diet based on foods high in carbohydrates, causing increased insulin synthesis.

Food sources. Pumpkin seeds, liver, meat (beef, lamb, turkey), nuts, seafood, beans, lentils, oatmeal, buckwheat.

Zinc in foods:
(estimated availability in 100 g)

Table 1 – Minerals and vitamins for the prostate.

Vitamin A 1 mg Vegetable oils, carrots, spinach, liver, greens
Vitamin B 1 (thiamine) 1.5 mg Legumes, nuts, cereals, liver, meat
Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin) 2.0 mg Eggs, meat, fish, nuts, mushrooms, broccoli, spinach
Vitamin B 6 (pyridoxine) 1.5 mg Nuts, legumes, liver, meat (chicken, beef, pork, veal), fish (tuna, salmon), avocado
Vitamin E 10 mg Nuts, egg yolk, butter, buckwheat
Selenium 100 mcg Brazil nut, seafood, beans, nuts
Zinc 15 mg Oysters, pumpkin seeds, nuts, legumes, cereals

Other nutritional recommendations for prostate health

In addition to the main nutrients presented above, prophylactic properties include:

    • Lycopene. Lycopene, which is part of tomatoes, has antioxidant properties, helps reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
    • Cellulose. Men whose diets include many high fiber foods are less likely to suffer from prostate cancer. Gradually rebuild your diet to get 40 grams of fiber daily. Rich in fiber are fresh fruits, vegetables, berries, dried fruits (dried apricots, prunes), legumes, cereals (oat, millet), etc.

What should be avoided?

At the same time, it is worth giving up or, in extreme cases, greatly limiting:

    • Fatty
    • Roast;
    • Smoked;
    • Salty;
    • Spicy.